Cryptography
{"author": ["ret2basic"]}

spelling-quiz

Solved by: ret2basic

Challenge

I found the flag, but my brother wrote a program to encrypt all his text files. He has a spelling quiz study guide too, but I don't know if that helps.

Solution

First we write a frequency analysis script to find out the most common letter in study-guide.txt. Once we have that information, use it as "clues" for quipqiup:
quipqiup

Implementation

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#!/usr/bin/env python3
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from collections import Counter
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from string import ascii_lowercase
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with open("study-guide.txt", "r") as f:
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ciphertext = f.read()
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charcount = Counter(c for c in ciphertext if c in ascii_lowercase)
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total_chars = sum(charcount.values())
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for char, count in charcount.items():
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print(f"{char}: {(count*100)/total_chars}% ({count})")
Copied!

Flag

1
picoCTF{perhaps_the_dog_jumped_over_was_just_tired}
Copied!

XtraORdinary

Solved by: ret2basic

Challenge

Check out my new, never-before-seen method of encryption! I totally invented it myself. I added so many for loops that I don't even know what it does. It's extraordinarily secure!

Solution

Ideas:
    1.
    The nested loop is useless. There are only cases for each random string: either we XOR it, or we don't. That is, we can only keep the for m in range(randint(0, pow(2, 0))) loop and delete everything else.
    2.
    The random string b'ever' is repeated. If we delete the repeated strings, it won't make a difference to the XOR result. Although this step is unnecessary, it can speed up the script.

Implementation

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#!/usr/bin/env python3
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from pwn import xor
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from random import randint
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import sys
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#--------Data--------#
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c = bytes.fromhex("57657535570c1e1c612b3468106a18492140662d2f5967442a2960684d28017931617b1f3637")
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#--------XOR--------#
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random_strs = [
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b'my encryption method',
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b'is absolutely impenetrable',
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b'and you will never',
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b'ever',
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b'break it'
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]
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while True:
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for random_str in random_strs:
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for m in range(randint(0, pow(2, 0))):
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c = xor(c, random_str)
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flag_prefix = b"picoCTF{"
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key = xor(c[:len(flag_prefix)], flag_prefix)
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# if key.decode().isprintable():
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# print(key)
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# sys.exit()
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key = b'Africa!'
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flag = xor(c, key)
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if flag.startswith(b"picoCTF{"):
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print(flag.decode())
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sys.exit()
Copied!

Flag

1
picoCTF{w41t_s0_1_d1dnt_1nv3nt_x0r???}
Copied!

triple-secure

Solved by: ret2basic

Challenge

To get the flag, you must break RSA not once, but three times!

Solution

The exp is self-explanatory.

Implementation

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#!/usr/bin/env python3
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from Crypto.Util.number import inverse, long_to_bytes
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from sympy import sqrt
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#--------Data--------#
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n1 = 15192492059814175574941055248891268822162533520576381643453916855435310880285336743521199057138647926712835561752909538944229702432795423884081992987060760867003375755338557996965825324749221386675061886921763747311599846248565297387814717840084998677273427776535730840343260681623323972936404815862969684384733188827100528542007213405382537935243645704237369770300643318878176739181891072725262069278646319502747718264711249767568106460533935904219027313131270918072460753061248221785076571054217566164086518459844527639082962818865640864990672033657423448004651989761933295878220596871163544315057550871764431562609
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n2 = 15896482259608901559307142941940447232781986632502572991096358742354276347180855512281737388865155342941898447990281534875563129451327818848218781669275420292448483501384399236235069545630630803245125324540747189305877026874280373084005881976783826855683894679886076284892158862128016644725623200756074647449586448311069649515124968073653962156220351541159266665209363921681260367806445996085898841723209546021525012849575330252109081102034217511126192041193752164593519033112893785698509908066978411804133407757110693612926897693360335062446358344787945536573595254027237186626524339635916646549827668224103778645691
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n3 = 16866741024290909515057727275216398505732182398866918550484373905882517578053919415558082579015872872951000794941027637288054371559194213756955947899010737036612882434425333227722062177363502202508368233645194979635011153509966453453939567651558628538264913958577698775210185802686516291658717434986786180150155217870273053289491069438118831268852205061142773994943387097417127660301519478434586738321776681183207796708047183864564628638795241493797850819727510884955449295504241048877759144706319821139891894102191791380663609673212846473456961724455481378829090944739778647230176360232323776623751623188480059886131
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e = 65537
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c = 5527557130549486626868355638343164556636640645975070563878791684872084568660950949839392805902757480207470630636669246237037694811318758082850684387745430679902248681495009593699928689084754915870981630249821819243308794164014262751330197659053593094226287631278905866187610594268602850237495796773397013150811502709453828013939726304717253858072813654392558403246468440154864433527550991691477685788311857169847773031859714215539719699781912119479668386111728900692806809163838659848295346731226661208367992168348253106720454566346143578242135426677554444162371330348888185625323879290902076363791018691228620744490
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#--------RSA--------#
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"""
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We are given the relations:
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n1 = p * q
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n2 = p * r
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n3 = q * r
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So n1 * n2 * n3 = p^2 * q^2 * r^2.
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Taking square root, we get product = sqrt(n1 * n2 * n3) = p * q * r.
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Then we can figure out p, q, and r by computing:
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r = product // n1
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q = product // n2
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p = product // n3
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"""
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product = int(sqrt(n1 * n2 * n3, 2))
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r = product // n1
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q = product // n2
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p = product // n3
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phi1 = (p - 1) * (q - 1)
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phi2 = (p - 1) * (r - 1)
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phi3 = (q - 1) * (r - 1)
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d1 = inverse(e, phi1)
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d2 = inverse(e, phi2)
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d3 = inverse(e, phi3)
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c = pow(c, d3, n3)
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c = pow(c, d2, n2)
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c = pow(c, d1, n1)
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m = c
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flag = long_to_bytes(m).decode()
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print(flag)
Copied!

Flag

1
picoCTF{1_gu3ss_tr1pl3_rs4_1snt_tr1pl3_s3cur3!!!!!!}
Copied!

college-rowing-team

Solved by: ret2basic

Challenge

I just joined my college's rowing team! To make a good first impression, I started sending my teammates positive automated messages every day. I even send them flags from time to time!

Solution

Note that each ciphertext is short and e=3 is small. We can brute-force c + k * n for each positive integer k until c + k * n is a perfect cube. If a perfect cube is found, simply compute its cubic root, which is just the plaintext.

Implementation

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#!/usr/bin/env python3
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from Crypto.Util.number import inverse, long_to_bytes
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from sympy import integer_nthroot
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#--------Data--------#
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e = 3
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n1 = 12426348204210593270343924563278821305386892683425418957350363905840484905896816630189546938112358425679727243103082954824537007026886458498690134225705484501535835385800730412220192564706251228021192115494699150390312107794005569764411063907390563937247515046052549753641884721864426154021041082461015103337120756347692245843318676049947569653604616584167536958803278688355036036887022591104659059883622072052793378468850702811804337808760402077376453702190206077039468600466511349923882037572540505571672225260106649075841827340894515208811788428239691505001675042096850318994923571686175381862745049100863883977473
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c1 = 5065488652323342174251548936130018278628515304559137485528400780060697119682927936946069625772269234638180036633146283242714689277793018059046463458498115311853401434289264038408827377579534270489217094049453933816452196508276029690068611901872786195723358744119490651499187556193711866091991489262948739533990000464588752544599393
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n2 = 19928073532667002674271126242460424264678302463110874370548818138542019092428748404842979311103440183470341730391245820461360581989271804887458051852613435204857098017249255006951581790650329570721461311276897625064269097611296994752278236116594018565111511706468113995740555227723579333780825133947488456834006391113674719045468317242000478209048237262125983164844808938206933531765230386987211125968246026721916610034981306385276396371953013685639581894384852327010462345466019070637326891690322855254242653309376909918630162231006323084408189767751387637751885504520154800908122596020421247199812233589471220112129
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c2 = 86893891006724995283854813014390877172735163869036169496565461737741926829273252426484138905500712279566881578262823696620415864916590651557711035982810690227377784525466265776922625254135896966472905776613722370871107640819140591627040592402867504449339363559108090452141753194477174987394954897424151839006206598186417617292433784471465084923195909989
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n3 = 13985338100073848499962346750699011512326742990711979583786294844886470425669389469764474043289963969088280475141324734604981276497038537100708836322845411656572006418427866013918729379798636491260028396348617844015862841979175195453570117422353716544166507768864242921758225721278003979256590348823935697123804897560450268775282548700587951487598672539626282196784513553910086002350034101793371250490240347953205377022300063974640289625028728548078378424148385027286992809999596692826238954331923568004396053037776447946561133762767800447991022277806874834150264326754308297071271019402461938938062378926442519736239
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c3 = 86893891006724995283854813014390877172735163869036169496565461737741926829273252426484138905500712279566881578262823696620415864916590651557711035982810690227377784525466265776922625254135896966472905776613722370871107640819140591627040592402867504449339363559108090452141753194477174987394954897424151839006206598186417617292433784471465084923195909989
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n4 = 19594695114938628314229388830603768544844132388459850777761001630275366893884362012318651705573995962720323983057152055387059580452986042765567426880931775302981922724052340073927578619711314305880220746467095847890382386552455126586101506301413099830377279091457182155755872971840333906012240683526684419808580343325425793078160255607072901213979561554799496270708954359438916048029174155327818898336335540262711330304350220907460431976899556849537752397478305745520053275803008830388002531739866400985634978857874446527750647566158509254171939570515941307939440401043123899494711660946335200589223377770449028735883
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c4 = 5065488652323342174251548936130018278628515304559137485528400780060697119682927936946069625772269234638180036633146283242714689277793018059046463458498115311853401434289264038408827377579534270489217094049453933816452196508276029690068611901872786195723358744119490651499187556193711866091991489262948739533990000464588752544599393
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n5 = 12091176521446155371204073404889525876314588332922377487429571547758084816238235861014745356614376156383931349803571788181930149440902327788407963355833344633600023056350033929156610144317430277928585033022575359124565125831690297194603671159111264262415101279175084559556136660680378784536991429981314493539364539693532779328875047664128106745970757842693549568630897393185902686036462324740537748985174226434204877493901859632719320905214814513984041502139355907636120026375145132423688329342458126031078786420472123904754125728860419063694343614392723677636114665080333174626159191829467627600232520864728015961207
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c5 = 301927034179130315172951479434750678833634853032331571873622664841337454556713005601858152523700291841415874274186191308636935232309742600657257783870282807784519336918511713958804608229440141151963841588389502276162366733982719267670094167338480873020791643860930493832853048467543729024717103511475500012196697609001154401
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n6 = 19121666910896626046955740146145445167107966318588247850703213187413786998275793199086039214034176975548304646377239346659251146907978120368785564098586810434787236158559918254406674657325596697756783544837638305550511428490013226728316473496958326626971971356583273462837171624519736741863228128961806679762818157523548909347743452236866043900099524145710863666750741485246383193807923839936945961137020344124667295617255208668901346925121844295216273758788088883216826744526129511322932544118330627352733356335573936803659208844366689011709371897472708945066317041109550737511825722041213430818433084278617562166603
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c6 = 38999477927573480744724357594313956376612559501982863881503907194813646795174312444340693051072410232762895994061399222849450325021561935979706475527169503326744567478138877010606365500800690273
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n7 = 13418736740762596973104019538568029846047274590543735090579226390035444037972048475994990493901009703925021840496230977791241064367082248745077884860140229573097744846674464511874248586781278724368902508880232550363196125332007334060198960815141256160428342285352881398476991478501510315021684774636980366078533981139486237599681094475934234215605394201283718335229148367719703118256598858595776777681347337593280391052515991784851827621657319164805164988688658013761897959597961647960373018373955633439309271548748272976729429847477342667875183958981069315601906664672096776841682438185369260273501519542893405128843
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c7 = 38999477927573480744724357594313956376612559501982863881503907194813646795174312444340693051072410232762895994061399222849450325021561935979706475527169503326744567478138877010606365500800690273
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n8 = 11464859840071386874187998795181332312728074122716799062981080421188915868236220735190397594058648588181928124991332518259177909372407829352545954794824083851124711687829216475448282589408362385114764290346196664002188337713751542277587753067638161636766297892811393667196988094100002752743054021009539962054210885806506140497869746682404059274443570436700825435628817817426475943873865847012459799284263343211713809567841907491474908123827229392305117614651611218712810815944801398564599148842933378612548977451706147596637225675719651726550873391280782279097513569748332831819616926344025355682272270297510077861213
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c8 = 38999477927573480744724357594313956376612559501982863881503907194813646795174312444340693051072410232762895994061399222849450325021561935979706475527169503326744567478138877010606365500800690273
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n9 = 21079224330416020275858215994125438409920350750828528428653429418050688406373438072692061033602698683604056177670991486330201941071320198633550189417515090152728909334196025991131427459901311579710493651699048138078456234816053539436726503461851093677741327645208285078711019158565296646858341000160387962592778531522953839934806024839570625179579537606629110275080930433458691144426869886809362780063401674963129711723354189327628731665487157177939180982782708601880309816267314061257447780050575935843160596133370063252618488779123249496279022306973156821343257109347328064771311662968182821013519854248157720756807
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c9 = 301927034179130315172951479434750678833634853032331571873622664841337454556713005601858152523700291841415874274186191308636935232309742600657257783870282807784519336918511713958804608229440141151963841588389502276162366733982719267670094167338480873020791643860930493832853048467543729024717103511475500012196697609001154401
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n10 = 22748076750931308662769068253035543469890821090685595609386711982925559973042348231161108618506912807763679729371432513862439311860465982816329852242689917043600909866228033526990181831690460395726449921264612636634984917361596257010708960150801970337017805161196692131098507198455206977607347463663083559561805065823088182032466514286002822511854823747204286303638719961067031142962653536148315879123067183501832837303731109779836127520626791254669462630052241934836308543513534520718206756591694480011760892620054163997231711364648699030108110266218981661196887739673466188945869132403569916138510676165684240183111
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c10 = 5065488652323342174251548936130018278628515304559137485528400780060697119682927936946069625772269234638180036633146283242714689277793018059046463458498115311853401434289264038408827377579534270489217094049453933816452196508276029690068611901872786195723358744119490651499187556193711866091991489262948739533990000464588752544599393
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n11 = 15211900116336803732344592760922834443004765970450412208051966274826597749339532765578227573197330047059803101270880541680131550958687802954888961705393956657868884907645785512376642155308131397402701603803647441382916842882492267325851662873923175266777876985133649576647380094088801184772276271073029416994360658165050186847216039014659638983362906789271549086709185037174653379771757424215077386429302561993072709052028024252377809234900540361220738390360903961813364846209443618751828783578017709045913739617558501570814103979018207946181754875575107735276643521299439085628980402142940293152962612204167653199743
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c11 = 301927034179130315172951479434750678833634853032331571873622664841337454556713005601858152523700291841415874274186191308636935232309742600657257783870282807784519336918511713958804608229440141151963841588389502276162366733982719267670094167338480873020791643860930493832853048467543729024717103511475500012196697609001154401
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n12 = 21920948973299458738045404295160882862610665825700737053514340871547874723791019039542757481917797517039141169591479170760066013081713286922088845787806782581624491712703646267369882590955000373469325726427872935253365913397944180186654880845126957303205539301069768887632145154046359203259250404468218889221182463744409114758635646234714383982460599605335789047488578641238793390948534816976338377433533003184622991479234157434691635609833437336353417201442828968447500119160169653140572098207587349003837774078136718264889636544528530809416097955593693611757015411563969513158773239516267786736491123281163075118193
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c12 = 86893891006724995283854813014390877172735163869036169496565461737741926829273252426484138905500712279566881578262823696620415864916590651557711035982810690227377784525466265776922625254135896966472905776613722370871107640819140591627040592402867504449339363559108090452141753194477174987394954897424151839006206598186417617292433784471465084923195909989
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#--------RSA--------#
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ciphertexts = {c1:n1, c2:n2, c3:n3, c4:n4, c5:n5, c6:n6, c7:n7, c8:n8, c9:n9, c10:n10, c11:n11, c12:n12}
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for c in ciphertexts:
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while True:
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# Example: integer_nthroot(16, 2) => (4, True)
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# Note that the True or False here is boolean value
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result = integer_nthroot(c, 3)
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if result[1]:
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m = result[0]
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break
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c += ciphertexts[c]
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plaintext = long_to_bytes(m).decode()
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print(plaintext)
Copied!

Flag

1
picoCTF{1_gu3ss_p30pl3_p4d_m3ss4g3s_f0r_4_r34s0n}
Copied!
Last modified 5mo ago